We had a nice time in vrindavan and its neighbouring areas during the krishna anubhavam yAtrA. On our way back from New Delhi, Sri U.Ve. ThiupullAni SundararAjan swAmy also travelled in the same train. He explained to us in very detailed manner the difference between the 3 tatvams. We will try to summarize it here.


Every jIvAtmA needs to acquire knowledge about tatvatrayam - cit, acit and Isvaran.

  • cit - sentient, one which has knowledge and is made of knowledge also.
  • acit - non-sentient, one which does not have any knowledge.
  • Isvaran - superme lord, one who owns both cit and acit and has both as his body.

Let us first see the differences between cit and acit. This in relation to our own self is understanding the difference between AtMA and dEham. Even Krsna in bhagavad gItA starts with removing the misconception of arjunA about his own self. As ThirupullAni swAmy explained, to understand this, we do not need anything but pratyaksha pramAnam (what could be understood by our senses - eyes, ears, nose, skin, etc). This is so simple that we do not even need sAstrAs to explain this.

No.AtmA (Cit)dEham (Acit)
1nAn - What is indicated by the "I" wordIdhu - what is indicated by the "this/it" words
2udayavan - the one who ownsudaimai porul - the one which is owned
3aribavan - the one who knowsariyappadum porul - the one which is known
4Ekam - This ("I") is singularanEkam - This ("this/it") is plural, since "I" knows many things
5avaiyava Rahitham - cannot be split in to parts avaiyava Sahitham - can be split in to parts, example, hand is made of skin, flesh, etc
6svayam prahasam - the one which shows itself and othersjadam (Gyanathuku vishayam) - which is shown by others
7prathyak (Thanakku thotrumavan) - the one which knows itself, I know that I exist paraakh(Pirarkku thondruvadhu) - the one which is known by others only
8eppOdhum anukUlan - always favourable moopu, NOi mudhaliyavai illaadha podhu anukUlan.Irrukkum pOdhu prathikUlan. - favourable when not affected by old age, disease, etc
9bOktha - enjoyerbOkyam - enjoyed
10swa tantran - independentpara tantran - dependent
11sEshi - MastersEsham - servant
12karthaA - One who doeskaranam - One which is used in doing an activity
13anutva parimAnam - state of being not splittable and not combinablemadhyama parimAnam - state of being splittable and combinable